国开电大商务英语4单元自测5答案

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"题目:_______ you have a job, you may be in the market for another one.
: Even if
; When
; Since"
"题目:—Are the Project Managers linking up OK?
—They seem to be, yes._________ .
: One of them hopes to quit now
; There's been a good atmosphere at the first management meetings
; They don't seem to know each other"
"题目:—Are the Project Managers sharing information and contacts and so on?
— ________ .
: Yes, there's really nothing to worry about
; Yes, they hesitate to do it
; No, they are doing very well"
"题目:Better understanding of team work can make you a more effective employee and give you an extra ______ in your corporate office.
: edge
; badge
; age"
"题目:Cooperating is simply working together ______ teammates ______ the good of the team.
: as…for
; with…at
; for…on"
"题目:Even though he's ______ out of college and still a bit green, he is a great co-worker.
: flesh
; fresh
; flash"
"题目:—Henry, what do you think of the new team?
— ________ , I think the team is starting to get along quite nicely.
: Yes, you're right
; Not so good
; Very well on the whole"
"题目:I really ______ the effort you have put in on your team's current project.
: thank
; grateful
; appreciate"
"题目:—I'm really fed up with Larry!
— ________
: I'm sorry to hear that.
; Really?
; Hey, what's up?"
"题目:—Larry is the biggest airhead I've ever met. He always makes careless mistakes, and he's a pain to work with.
— ________ . You'll always have some co-workers that are harder to work with than others, you know.
: I have the same feeling to you
; You really have it
; You shouldn't be so negative"
"题目:Respecting fellow teammates keeps everyone in a good ______ and encourages overall team spirit.
: mood
; state
; situation"
"题目:Teammates who have team spirit are more satisfied ______ their team activities.
: to
; with
; at"
"题目:The people in your department seem so ______ and nice to be around.
: capacity
; capable
; capably"
"题目:The team members are _______ and helping each other out.
: going on
; getting along
; setting up"
"题目:You can show respect to your teammates _______ everyone fairly and equally.
: to treat
; treated
; by treating"
"翻译:为句子选择正确的翻译(每题10分)。
1. Team building skills are critical for your effectiveness as a manager or entrepreneur.{A; B; C}
A. 为了经理或企业家的有效性,团队建设技能很关键。
B. 作为一名经理或企业家,团队建设技能对提升有效性至关重要。
C. 团队建设技能对经理或企业家的有效性持批判态度。
2. In real life, team work success rarely happens by itself if there are no focused team building efforts or activities.{A; B; C}
A. 实际生活中,如果没在团队建设上付出过专注的努力或活动的话,团队工作是很难独自成功的。
B. 实际生活中,如果没有关注的团队建设努力或活动的话,团队工作本身是不会成功的。
C. 实际生活中,如果没有聚焦的团队建设努力或活动的话,团队工作自己也是会成功的。
3. Teammates who have team spirit are better able to work together and achieve team goals.{A; B; C}
A. 团队中,谁有团队精神,谁就能一起合作并实现团队目标。
B. 有团队精神的队友能更好地协同工作,实现团队目标。
C. 有团队精神的队友比较好,能一起合作并实现团队目标。
4. Acting cooperatively is a good way to show team spirit because doing so contributes to the overall success of the team.{A; B; C}
A. 合作是表现团队精神的好方法,因为这样做有助于整个团队的成功。
B. 合作行动是展示团队精神的好方法,因为这样做能构成整个团队的成功。
C. 互助合作是好路子,能展示团队精神,也能帮助整个团队成功。
5. Team members must fulfil their duties with their full efforts.{A; B; C}
A. 团队成员必须用全部的努力来实现自己的义务
B. 团队成员必须凭借全部的努力来满足自己的义务。
C. 团队成员必须尽全力履行自己的义务。"
"阅读理解:根据上下文,补全对话内容(每题10分)。
  In business, people have to deal in person {A. in to; B. for to; C. with} all kinds of people. You may have to use English when talking to different people within your company who don't speak your language; these may be colleagues or co-workers, superiors or subordinates—who may work with you in your own department, in another part of the building or in another branch. And you may also have to deal in English with people from {A. within; B. outside; C. inside} the organization: clients, suppliers, visitors and members of the public. Moreover, these people may be friends, acquaintances or strangers—people of your own age, or people who are {A. younger; B. youngest; C. young} or older than you. The relationship you have with a person determines the kind of language you use.
  This relationship may even affect what you say when you meet people: for example, it's not {A. approval; B. appropriate; C. appreciate} to say “Hi, how are you!” when meeting the Managing Director of a large company or to say “Good morning, it's a great pleasure to meet you” when being introduced to a person you'll be working closely with in the same team.
  Remember that people form an impression of you from the way you speak and behave—not just from the {A. method; B. style; C. way} you do your work. People in different countries have different ideas of what sounds friendly, polite or sincere—and of what sounds rude or unfriendly! Good manners in your culture may be considered bad manners in another.
  Remember also that your body language, gestures and expression may tell people more about you than the words you use."
"阅读理解:根据文章内容,判断正误(每题10分)。
SUCCESSFUL TEAM WORK AND TEAM BUILDING
  Team building skills are critical for your effectiveness as a manager or entrepreneur. And even if you are not in a management or leadership role yet, better understanding of team work can make you a more effective employee and give you an extra edge in your corporate office.
  Team building success is when your team can accomplish something much bigger and work more effectively than a group of the same individuals working on their own. There are two critical factors in building a high performance team.
  The first factor in team effectiveness is the diversity of skills and personalities. It means people use their strengths in full, but can compensate for each other's weaknesses. Or, different personality types balance and complement each other.
  The other critical element of team work success is that all the team efforts are directed towards the same clear goals, the team goals. This relies heavily on good communication in the team and harmony in member relationships.
  In real life, team work success rarely happens by itself if there are no focused team building efforts or activities. There is simply too much room for problems. For example, different personalities may build up conflicts. Or even worse, some people with similar personalities may start fighting for authority and dominance in certain areas of expertise. Even if the team goals are clear and accepted by everyone, there may be no team commitment to the group goals, or no consensus on the means of achieving those goals. There may be a lack of trust and openness which may block the critical communication and lead to loss of coordination in the individual efforts. This is why every team needs a good leader who is able to deal with all team work issues.
1. Team building skills are not so critical if you are only an employee.{T; F}
2. To form a high performance team, you need many important factors.{T; F}
3. A good team should have a diversity of personalities.{T; F}
4. Team work success is quite common in practice.{T; F}
5. To solve all the problems, you need a capable leader.{T; F}"
"阅读理解:根据文章内容,选择正确答案(每题10分)
TEAM SPIRIT
  Team spirit can make or break a team. Teammates who have team spirit are better able to work together and achieve team goals. They are also more satisfied with their team activities. John Wooden, a former basketball coach at UCLA, said, “Team spirit means you are willing to sacrifice personal considerations for the welfare of all. That defines a team player.” There are certain skills team members develop that serve as good examples of team spirit.
  COOPERATION
  Cooperating is simply working together as teammates for the good of the team. Cooperation is a skill that team members can sharpen during practice. For example, basketball players must practice passing the ball in different plays and situations. Team efficiency is directly related to the cooperation of its members. Acting cooperatively is a good way to show team spirit because doing so contributes to the overall success of the team.
  MOTIVATION
  Team members must fulfil their duties with their full efforts. Staying motivated shows team spirit because it shows that you want the team to do well. This includes being motivated to give your best in practice and in competition, as well as outside of team activities. For example, a baseball player can show team spirit by being motivated to practice his swing outside of practice.
  RESPECT
  Respect for your fellow team members is a must. You can show respect to your teammates by treating everyone fairly and equally. Teammates also respect each other by allowing everyone to participate. Respecting fellow teammates keeps everyone in a good mood and encourages overall team spirit. For example, people can show team spirit through respect by encouraging other team members who might be struggling.
1. Teammates who have team spirit {A; B; C}.
A. can break a team
B. are better able to work together and achieve team goals
C. are less satisfied with their team activities
2. According to the article, team spirit means {A; B; C}.
A. cooperation and motivation
B. motivation and respect
C. cooperation, motivation and respect
3. Cooperation is a skill that {A; B; C}.
A. can be sharpened during practice
B. is born with
C. everyone should have
4. Being motivated means {A; B; C}.
A. you should compete with others
B. you should practice swing outside of practice
C. you should give your best in any circumstances
5. Respecting your teammates {A; B; C}.
A. can treat everyone fairly and equally
B. can keep everyone in a good mood
C. can discourage overall team spirit"
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